Utah's Dixie is the nickname for primarily the populated, lower elevation area of south-central Washington County in southwestern Utah. Its climate is very mild when compared to the rest of Utah, and typical of the Mojave Desert, in which it lies. Situated below the Black Ridge and the Hurricane Cliffs, in the northeastern edge of the Mojave Desert. It was part of Mexico and settled by the Southern Paiutes. It was first inhabited by Mormon settlers in 1854, as part of Brigham Young's efforts to establish an Indian Mission in the region. The settlers began growing cotton and other temperate cash crops during the later 1850s on land that had fed the Paiute. The Paiute population was decimated as a result of starvation and disease. The largest community in the region, St. George, was founded in 1861, when Brigham Young selected 300 families to take over the area and grow cotton, grapes, and other crops. The region was nicknamed Dixie by 1860. Andrew Larson’s text on the history of the name “Dixie” in Utah states that the first President of the Washington Stake in 1857, was Robert Dockery Covington, a slave overseer and slave owner from North Carolina and Mississippi. Larson states: Already the settled area of the Virgin Valley was being called Utah’s “Dixie.” The fact that cotton would grow there, as well as tobacco and other semi-tropical plants such as the South produced made it easy for the name to stick. The fact that the settlers at Washington were bona fide Southerners who were steeped in the lore of cotton culture—many of them, at least—clinched the title. Dixie it became, and Dixie it remained. ... The name “Dixie” is one of those distinctive things about this part of Utah ... It is a proud title Whatever the real origins of the term, the Cotton Mission didn't work out as well as Young had hoped – yields in the test fields were not as high as expected, and economic viability of growing cotton was never achieved, although a cotton mill was built and used for a few years in the town of Washington. The largest city in the area is St. George with its metropolitan area of nearly 150,000 residents. South-central Washington County, (the greater St. George area) has become a retirement and recreational haven due to its pleasant winter climate, many golf courses and red sandstone landscape. In the winter (December and January), temperatures average in the mid to upper 50s F. during the day with nighttime temperatures averaging just below freezing. Heavy snowfall is rare, however slight accumulation typically occurs once or twice during these cooler months, usually completely melting in a day or two. The humidity is extremely low (usually below 25% in the summer), and receives an average of about 8 to 10 inches of rainfall annually. Summers are long and hot with high temperatures exceeding 100 °F. (40 °C.) from about late May through September, with the exception of the cooling rains of the southwest Monsoon. The record high temperature was recorded in the area near the Arizona line at 117 °F. (47 °C.). Utah's Dixie is one of the fastest-growing regions in the United States, being located in the Sunbelt. St. George and its suburbs of Ivins, Santa Clara, and Washington, along with Hurricane, are the largest and fastest-growing cities within the region.
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Pioneer Park is located in the red cliffs on the north side of St. George. Kids love to explore the trails between red hoodoos, and there's some easy slickrock to try your beginning biker skills. Our map shows a short loop within the park that climbs onto a slickrock shelf, heads west, then returns via a slot between hoodoos to the starting point. The Pioneer Rim trail does NOT start in Pioneer Park. It goes above it. You can get to the trail from the Snow Canyon Parkway about 1/3 mile northwest of the last gravel parking area in Pioneer Park. Or you can climb up a dirt doubletrack to intersect the trail right in the middle. Or, you can drive to the parking lot at top of the hill on the parkway and try to find your way south to the trail. "Pioneer Park" is used to refer to two trails: Pioneer Rim, an advanced-technical trail skirting the cliff-edge above Pioneer Park, and a short trail within Pioneer Park itself that features a beginner's taste of slickrock.
President Brigham Young spent the last winters of his life in the St. George area, enjoying the warm weather and directing the building of the St. George Temple and Tabernacle Today's strips of fast food joints, new hotels and outlet malls hardly suggest the struggle st. George's first residents faced to make a livable place out of this hot redrock desert. Just years after its 1861 settling, the original inhabitants of st. George, sent here by mormon church leadership in salt lake city, were ready to leave. It was hot, very dry and the santa clara and virgin rivers, which provided the area its only water supply, were both flood-prone and nearly unmanageable. Sensing the need for st. George to endure, both for its geographic importance and its warm-weather climate, brigham young, then-president of the church of jesus christ of latter-day saints, instigated a public works project to help residents. In a food-for-labor program, young set st. George residents to work on public works projects and northern utah residents donated or tithed food and living supplies to workers. Over a 13-year period, settlers constructed st. George's tabernacle, courthouse and mormon temple. When brigham young himself moved into the james chesney home in 1869, the community's destiny was sealed. Brigham young, as the locals say, was st. George's first snowbird. As young aged and began suffering from arthritis, he found that st. George's warm, dry and snowless winters eased his discomfort. The original portion of his home was begun in 1869 and completed in 1871. The front addition—what most would call the main part of the house—was completed in 1873. Made from adobe, plaster and local rock, the two-story home is indicative of homebuilding in utah at the time, when homes had large wrap-around front porches, thick insulating walls, a vegetable storage room in the basement, and three or more bedrooms. Young's home also had a detached office with telegraph station, and a large office-style master bedroom upstairs. The home also has an ingenious ventilation system where warm air flows out through the ceiling into the attic and out of the house. Orchards and gardens surrounded the home on three sides. Subsequent to young's death, the brigham young winter home passed through several ownerships before it was purchased by the mormon church and opened to the public as a museum, with free guided tours. Because of the changes in ownership, many of the original pieces of furniture were lost. Some original pieces are still with the home, however, and in some cases replications have been introduced. Brigham young winter homeThe interior of the brigham young winter home is laid out as young himself would have had it. Securing materials for the building of the home and its subsequent additions showed the ingenuity and perseverance of early mormon settlers. Baking adobe from local mud and hauling logs first from the pine valley mountains then from mount trumbull—several days' journey to the south—local building materials tended to be a mix of happenstance and scientific experimentation. Even today, visitors to the young home can see where the adobe bricks contain the outlines of the sagebrush used to stabilize it, as opposed to the typical straw. What could not be made locally had to be shipped in from outside the region, and sometimes even from the east coast. Young, himself a hobbyist furniture maker, constructed some fine examples of pioneer-era rockers and chairs. Other items, such as the bulwark piano in the first floor sitting room, were brought across the plains in wagons. And in some cases, the mormon settlers had the materials they could use but not the ones they wanted to use. Raised on the hardwood lumber common to the eastern half of the country, mormon carpenters were often unhappy with the way the local softwoods took stains. Yet rather than import hardwoods halfway across the country, mormon carpenters instead actually painted grains simulating hardwoods onto the idigenous pine used to construct almost everything in the house. This astounding (though nearly dead) art can still be seen on many of the doors, windowsills and tables in the young home. The brigham young winter home sits in a neighborhood of pioneer homes, many of them wonderfully restored. Some homes are open to the public, others offer tours, and some are not open to the public. A few, such as the seven wives inn (diagonally across from the young home), are businesses. More than two-dozen of st. George's finest historic homes and buildings can be seen on a walking tour of the downtown area. The brigham young winter home is located at the southeast corner of 200 north and 100 west. It is open for tours daily from 9:00 a.M. To 5:00 p.M. (until 7:00 p.M. In spring and until 8:00 p.M. In summer). For more information call (435) 673-5181.
- Endowment Sessions Monday Closed Tuesday - Friday Every hour from 7:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. Saturday Every hour from 7:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. Doors open at 7:00 a.m... Special Sessions American Sign Language (ASL): 4th Tuesday, 5:30 p.m., except June Baptisms Baptisms can be scheduled by appointment. Please contact the temple for available dates and times. Other Ordinances Other ordinances can be scheduled by appointment. Please contact the temple for available dates and times
Lack of iron was a major concern to pioneers who began settling Utah in 1847. When iron ore was discovered in southern Utah, Mormon leader Brigham Young called for volunteers to colonize the Cedar City area in November of 1851. Ten months later, the colony completed a blast furnace and began to operate an iron foundry. A desire to preserve and interpret the history of this endeavor eventually led to the establishment of the Iron Mission State Park in 1973. (Now Frontier Homestead) The Iron Mission Foundation was organized in 1989 to act in an advisory capacity and provide financial support for museum operations at Frontier Homestead State Park. The Foundation provides guidance and assistance to the officers and staff of Frontier Homestead in their efforts to effectively collect, preserve, interpret and present historical materials to the Museum's visitors and constituents.
With its warm, blue waters and red sandstone landscape, UtahÍs newest state park is also one of its most popular. Boat and fish on Sand Hollow Reservoir, explore and ride the dunes of Sand Mountain on an off-highway vehicle, then RV or tent camp in the new campground. The sprawling 20,000-acre park, which rests mostly on USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) land, rivals Utah's two largest state parks - Wasatch Mountain and Antelope Island. Sand Hollow already one of the most visited destinations in the Utah State Park system, with recreation opportunities for nearly every user from boaters to bikers, and OHV riders to equestrians.A favorite destination for local off-highway vehicle (OHV) enthusiasts, Sand Mountain provides 15,000 acres of perfectly sculpted dunes. The red sand is an incredible backdrop for Sand Hollow reservoir. At nearly twice the size of nearby Quail Creek Reservoir, Sand Hollow offers boating and other water recreation in a spectacular setting.Sand Hollow is located approximately 15 miles east of St George and seven miles east of the I-15 Hurricane Exit. Visitors should exit I-15 at Exit 16 (Highway 9), travel east for about four miles and turn right on Sand Hollow Road, travel south for about three miles and turn left at the park entrance.Opened to the public as a state park in 2003. Park Elevation: 3,000 feet Park Acreage: 20,000 Surface Water Acreage: 1,322 Sand Mountain OHV Acreage: 6,000Visit Sand Hollow State Park
The campground is in the Red Cliffs Recreation Area and is located just off Interstate 15, 14 miles northeast of St. George, Utah, and 35 miles south of Cedar City, Utah. It is nestled into a shaded nook of riparian vegetation just minutes from the freeway. Directly adjacent to, and accessible from the campground, are a series of trails, and interpreted archaeological and paleontological sites. The campground and surrounding areas are all within the Red Cliffs National Conservation Area, which has been set aside to conserve, protect, and enhance ecological, scenic, wildlife, recreational, cultural, historical, natural, educational, and scientific resources. Due north of the campground are the steep and beautiful red rocks of the Cottonwood Canyon Wilderness. Campsites can't be reserved, they're first come first served. Take Interstate 15 north from St. George, Utah, to Exit 22*. At the end of the freeway off-ramp, turn right onto Old Highway 91 (frontage road). Travel south 2 miles and turn right after passing the sign for the Red Cliffs Recreation Area. Continue under two freeway tunnels and follow the paved road for 1.3 miles into the campground. *If heading south from Cedar City, Utah, take Exit 23. Turn left on Silver Reef Road, then turn right onto Main Street. Travel south for 3.5 miles on Main Street (which turns into Old Highway 91). Continue the directions above.Visit Red Cliffs Campground
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